Apertar la precipua menuo
Linguala regioni di Nordal Amerika ante l'arivo dil Europani.

Arkeologiala e genetikala studii indikas ke homi ja vivis Kanada an la teritorio Yukon cirkume 26 500 yari ante nun, e sude de Ontario cirkume 9 500 yari ante nun[1]. On kalkulas ke existis 200 mil til 2 milioni indijeni en Kanada dum la 15ma yarcento.

En L'Anse aux Meadows existis Vikinga kolonio c. la yaro 1000.

L'unesma Europani qui arivis en nuna Kanada esis vikingi, qui establisis su en la regiono di Newfoundland en 1000a yari[2] e, pos faliar ta koloniigo ne pluse probesis koloniigar la regiono til 1497, kande Italian explorero Giovanni Caboto exploris la litoro por Anglia.

Jacques Cartier exploris litoro di Kanada en Atlantiko en 1534. Samuel de Champlain arivis en 1603 e fondis Quebec en 1608. En 1610 Britaniani fondis lua unesma kolonii en la regiono, en Cupids e Ferryland[3]. La Dek e tri kolonii fondesis poka yari pose. Nova Skotia divenis Britaniana teritorio en 1713 per la kontrato di Utrecht.

La morto di Benjamin West dum la batalio di Abraham-planaji.

En 1759 Britaniani vinkis Franci en la batalio di Abraham-planaji. Pos la Sep-yara milito Francia cedis granda parto di Kanada ad Unionita Rejio. Rejala proklamo en 1763 kreis la provinco di Quebec, ed unionis l'insulo di Cape Breton a Nova Skotia. Por preventar konflikti en Quebec, Britania aprobis l'Akto pri Quebec en 1774, qua expansis la teritorio di la provinco vers la Granda Lagi e la valo dil rivero Ohio. Franca linguo riestablisesis ibe. Ta agado iracigis la kolonigiisti di la Dek e tri kolonii ed stimulis anti-Britaniana sentimenti poka yara ante l'Usana revoluciono.

Paris kontrato en 1783 agnoskis la nedependo di la dek e tri kolonii, e cedis teritorii sude de la Granda Lagi ad Usa. Dum la Milito di 1812 Usa atakis Kanada, ma pos du yari patis.

Pos diversa konferi, konstitucala akto en 1867 kreis Kanadana Kunfederuro nedependanta de Unionita Rejio en 1 di julio 1867, komence kun quar provinci: Ontario, Quebec, Nova Skotia e New Brunswick. Pos Kanada asumis kontrolo di la Tero di Rupert e di la Nord-Westala Teritorio. Britaniana Kolumbia e Vancouver Insulo unionis kun la kunfederuro en 1871 dum ke Prince Edward insulo unionis en 1873. Por stimular l'expando vers la westo, Kanadana guvernerio stimulis la konstrukturo di la ferovoyo Canadian Pacific, qua kompleteskis en 1915, por unionar Kebekia kun Britaniana Kolumbia.

Unionita Rejio duris prenar kontrolo di Kanadan exeteral aferi. Konseque, kande Unesma mondomilito komencis, Kanada eniris la milito. Volontarii sendesis a westala fronto. De cirkume 625 000 soldati sendita, cirkume 60.000 perisis e 173.000 vundesis. En 1939 sub la guvernerio di chefministro William Lyon Mackenzie King Kanada deklaris milito kontre Germania tri dii pos l'Unionita Rejio. Kanadana trupi havis multa importo dum l'inkurso di Dieppe en 1942, dum la batalio di Normandia en 1944, ed anke protektis la rejo di Nederlando dum German okupeso en ta lando.

En 1949 Newfoundland (nune Newfoundland e Labrador) unionesis a Kanada. En 1982 la parlamento di Kanada aprobis Kanada Akto, qua finis la restanta dependo di Kanada del Unionita Rejio. En 1999 kreesis la teritorio di Nunavut, la triesma di la lando.

ReferiRedaktar

BibliografioRedaktar

  • The Dictionary of Canadian Biography(1966-2006), thousands of scholarly biographies of those who died by 1930
  • Bliss, Michi thomas is here, thomas is trying to read polish, he thinks, but thomas doesnt know whats going on, can someone explain whats going on to thomas? mael. Northern Enterprise: Five Centuries of Canadian Business. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1987.
  • Brune, Nick and Alastair Sweeny. History of Canada Online. Waterloo: Northern Blue Publishing, 2005.
  • J.M. Bumsted. The Peoples of Canada: A Pre-Confederation History; and The Peoples of Canada: A Post-Confederation History. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • Margaret Conrad and Alvin Finkel. Canada: A National History. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, 2003.
  • Margaret Conrad and Alvin Finkel, eds. Foundations: Readings in Post-Confederation Canadian History. and Nation and Society: Readings in Post-Confederation Canadian History. Toronto: Pearson Longman, 2004. articles by scholars
  • Gerald Hallowell, ed. The Oxford Companion to Canadian History (2004) 1650 short entries
  • Desmond Morton. A Short History of Canada 5th ed (2001)
  • Desmond Morton. A Military History of Canada (1999)
  • Desmond Morton. Working People: An Illustrated History of the Canadian Labour Movement (1999)
  • James C. Marsh, ed. The Canadian Encyclopedia 4 vol 1985; also cd-rom editions
  • Norrie K. H. and Owram Doug. A History of the Canadian Economy, 1991* Kenneth G. Pryke and Walter C. Soderlund, eds. Profiles of Canada. Toronto: Canadian Scholars' Press, 2003. 3rd edition.
  • M. Brook Taylor ed. Canadian History: A Reader's Guide. Vol. 1. Doug Owram, ed. Canadian History: A Reader's Guide. Vol. 2. Toronto: 1994. historiography
  • Statistics Canada. Historical Statistics of Canada. 2d ed., Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 1983.
  • Canadawiki features hundreds of stories from Canadian History as well as a detailed timeline of Canadian History.
  • Bliss, Michael. Northern Enterprise: Five Centuries of Canadian Business. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1987.
  • Thomas Thorner with Thor Frohn-Nielsen, eds. "A Few Acres of Snow": Documents in Pre-Confederation Canadian History, and "A Country Nourished on Self-Doubt": Documents on Post-Confederation Canadian History, 2nd ed. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 2003.
  • Mason Wade, The French Canadians, 1760-1945 (1955) 2 vol