Diferi inter la revizi di Latinida linguo

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* Latinida lingui esas modereme inflektita, c.e. ol existas modera komplexa sistemo di afixi (precipue sufixi) qui atachesas a vorti por expresar gramatikala informo kom numero, genero, persono, tempo, e.c. Verbi havas plu da inflexo kam nomi. The amount of ''[[synthetic language|synthesis]]'' is significantly more than [[English language|English]], but less than [[Classical Latin]] and much less than the oldest [[Indo-European languages]] (e.g. [[Ancient Greek]], [[Sanskrit]]). Inflection is [[fusional language|fusional]], with a single morpheme representing multiple features (as contrasted with [[agglutinative language]]s such as [[Turkish language|Turkish]] or [[Japanese language|Japanese]]). Exemple Portugalana ''amei'' "Me amis" kompozesis di ''am-'' "amo" and the fusional morpheme ''-ei'' "first person, singular, [[preterite tense]], indicative".
* Latinida lingui havas a pasable strikta [[subjekto-verbo-objekto]] parolo-ordino, kun predonimanta uzo di kapo-unesma konstrukti. Adjektivi, genitivi e relativa klauzi omna sequas olia nukleo, quankam (ecepte la [[Rumaniana linguo|Rumaniana]]) '''determiners''' uzuale precedas.
* In general, nouns, adjectives and [[determiner (linguistics)|determiner]]s inflect only according to [[grammatical gender]] (masculine or feminine) and [[grammatical number]] (singular or plural). [[Grammatical case]] is marked only on pronouns, as in English; case marking, as in English, is of the [[nominative-accusative]] type (rather than e.g. the [[ergative-absolutive]] marking of [[Basque language|Basque]] or the [[split ergativity]] of [[Hindi language|Hindi]]). A significant exception, however, is [[Romanian language|Rumaniana]], with two-case marking (nominative/accusative vs. genitive/dative) on nominal elements.
* Verbs are inflected according to a complex morphology that marks [[grammatical person|person]], [[grammatical number|number]] (singular or plural), [[grammatical tense|tense]], [[grammatical mood|mood]] (indicative, subjunctive, imperative), and sometimes [[grammatical aspect|aspect]] and/or [[grammatical gender|gender]]. [[Grammatical voice]] (active, passive, middle/reflexive) and some grammatical aspects (in particular, the [[perfect aspect]]) are expressed using [[periphrastic]] constructions.
* Most Romance languages are [[null subject language]]s (but modern French is not, as a result of the phonetic decay of verb endings).
* All Romance languages have two articles ([[definite article|definite]] and [[indefinite article|indefinite]]), and many have in addition a [[partitive article]] (expressing the concept of "some"). In some languages (notably, [[French language|French]]), the use of an article with a noun is nearly obligatory; it serves to express grammatical number (no longer marked on most nouns) and to cope with the extreme [[homophone|homophony]] of French vocabulary as a result of extensive sound reductions.
* The phonology of most Romance languages is of moderate size with few unusual phonemes. Phonemic vowel length is uncommon. Some languages have developed [[nasal vowel]]s and/or [[front rounded vowel]]s.
* Word accent is of the [[stress (linguistics)|stress]] (dynamic) type, rather than making use of pitch (as in [[Ancient Greek]] and some modern Slavic languages), and is free, occurring more or less unpredictably on one of the last three syllables. In practice, the stress is largely predictable, due to the many morphological and phonological stress-related patterns.
 
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